WROCLAW, Poland — Researchers have surveyed several studies to evaluate the relationship between metabolic and nutritional status with the occurrence of autoimmune thyroid diseases (ATD).

Their comparison is published online in the January edition of Postepy Hig Med Dosw.

The paper lists the various analyses of the relationship between metabolic disorders and nutritional status in patients with ATD. What the paper points out is a consequences of obesity is a change of the thyroid hormones’ activity; however, weight reduction leads to their normalization.

They also show that activity and metabolic rate of thyroid hormones are modifiable.

ATDs are associated with abnormalities of glucose metabolism and thus an increased risk diabetes mellitus type 1 and type 2, celiac disease also increases the risk of developing other autoimmune diseases. The compilation also shows that malnutrition and numerous nutritional deficiencies in a patient can be the cause of thyroid disorders. Coexisting deficiencies of iodine, iron, selenium and zinc may impair the function of the thyroid gland.

Other nutrient deficiencies mentioned in papers usually seen in ATD patients are protein deficiencies, vitamin deficiencies (A, C, B6, B5, B1) and mineral deficiencies (phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, sodium, chromium).

In conclusion, it appears that proper diet helps to reduce ATD symptoms, helps patients maintain a healthy weight and prevents malnutrition.


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