TRONDHEIM, Norway – Energy-dense and processed carbohydrate-rich fast-foods cause greater and sustained overall cardiac workload in type 2 diabetes despite pre-meal exercise, a study finds.

Even when compared to body mass indices, post-meal cardiac behavior was shown to be increased, increasing the risk of cardiometabolic diseases.

Findings were published in the Aug. 14 edition of the Nutrition Journal.

Post-meal metabolic effects in type 2 diabetes behave differently because the disease impairs the transport, delivery and/or storage of carbohydrates and fats. Type 2 diabetes is an accepted cause of heart failure.  Endothelial function also is impaired in type 2 diabetics after fast food ingestion, which is related to increases in circulating glucose, triglycerides and/or elevated oxidative stress.

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